Conditions And Diseases
Common Eye Diseases
New fragile and leaking blood vessels growing through the retina lead to “Wet AMD” leaking fluid and blood causes a blinding scar with loss of central vision. Intraocular injections are the main method of treatment. To avoid frequent injections, a “tank” of medicine can be surgically implanted, or a gene therapy can be performed.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the back of the eye, leading to permanent blindness if it is not surgically reattached, Typical symptoms include sudden onset of flashes of light, a large batch of new floaters with shadows, or blind spots in vision. Decreased side vision is often noted, Treatment includes placement of a gas bubble (pneumatic retinopexy) in the office, placement of a band around the eye (scleral buckle) or removal of the vitreous gel and replacement with gas or silicone oil.
Floaters often occur when the vitreous gel separates from the back of the eye. In some people, these floaters last more than six months and cause trouble with reading, driving or other important tasks. A vitrectomy can be performed to remove these floaters.
Macular Edema is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the macula, which is the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, detailed vision. The swelling of the macula can cause distortion or blurring of central vision, which can make it difficult to perform tasks such as reading or driving.
Treatment for macular edema may involve medications, such as corticosteroids or anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) drugs, which can help reduce the inflammation and fluid buildup. In some cases, laser therapy or other surgical procedures may be necessary to manage the condition.
Genetic Ocular Conditions are eye disorders that are caused by changes or mutations in a person’s DNA. These conditions can affect any part of the eye, including the cornea, lens, retina, optic nerve, and other structures. Some genetic ocular conditions are inherited from a person’s parents, while others occur spontaneously due to new genetic mutations.
Retinal Vascular Occlusions are a type of eye condition that occurs when one or more blood vessels in the retina become blocked or obstructed, leading to decreased blood flow to parts of the retina. The retina is the part of the eye responsible for sensing light and transmitting visual information to the brain, and it requires a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients to function properly. When the blood supply to the retina is reduced, it can cause vision loss, ranging from mild to severe.
The main risk factors for retinal vascular occlusions include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and other underlying cardiovascular diseases. Treatment for retinal vascular occlusions depends on the severity of the condition and can include medications to improve blood flow, laser therapy, and surgery.